We all know that the Torah was given to the Israelites on Mt. Sinai. This very Torah contained the very commandments of Yahweh for his people to live a holy, prosperous life. But there is one commandment that Rabbi Yeshua called "the greatest". This commandment, as called by many Rabbis, is the "Shema". But, what is "Shema"?
Shema, which mean to "hear and obey", is a very powerful word that carries power punching meaning. Shema is recorded in many scriptures. One place is Duet 6, with emphasis on verse 4. It states,"Hear, O Israel! Yahweh is our God, Yahweh is one!"
The scripture there is telling us to listen to something, with the intents on carrying out the command of what we heard. Verse 5 tells us what we are commanded to do,"You shall love Yahweh your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might". How does one love Yahweh as Torah states? 1 John 5:3 states,"For this is the love of Yahweh, that we keep His commandments; and His commandments are not burdensome". Loving Yahweh as Torah states means to obey what he told us to listen to---HIS VOICE! which says "keep my commandments".
So, we now know exactly what Shema means. Yeshua used it all the time. One place where Yeshua used the Shema is in Matthew 13:43,"Then THE RIGHTEOUS WILL SHINE FORTH AS THE SUN in the kingdom of their Father He who has ears, let him hear". Notice the phrase,"He who has ears, let him hear".
That phrase there, Yeshua is saying Shema. Why? Because He wants us to hear and obey. In Greek thinking, as the New Testament tends to put forth the majority of the time... when I want you to have ears to hear, then it would mean just that, unless I expound on it to let you know that I want you to take action. This is not so with Hebrew. Hebrew language is an ACTION driven language and NOT an idea driven language. So, according to the Hebraic mindset, if I say Shema, then get ready to obey what I say.
What is Yeshua telling us in Matthew 13:43 concerning his Shema? Notice the phrase in caps,"THE RIGHTEOUS WILL SHINE FORTH AS THE SUN". In basic understanding, One must walk in obedience to Torah, and place faith in Yeshua to enter into eternal life. Works ARE APART OF YOUR SALVATION AFTER YOU CONVERT.
It is utterly impossible for one to enter eternal life with faith, but without works(obedience to Torah), and its utterly impossible for one to enter life without faith in Messiah, but with works(obedience to Torah) A Gentleman asked Yeshua,"What must I do to enter eternal life?" What did Yeshua say? He said KEEP THE COMMANDMENTS! Faith & Works are neccessary for salvation. You CANNOT have one without the other. So, that is what Yeshua says here in the sense of Shema. We must listen, and then obey his words. Amen.
The Trinity is not a new doctrine to the Church of Yeshua, or the Israelites. They've been dealing with Polytheism ever sense their inception. Their forefathers, namely, Abraham, was a polytheist before he came to faith in Yahweh the one true God. Yahweh told Abraham that he will call him out, and create a nation from him. This nation will be a holy nation to Yahweh, a kingdom of Priests..
When Shema was spoken to the Israelites, it was declaring 3 things.
1) Yahweh alone is God.
2) Yahweh is unified, unlike the near eastern pagan gods.
3) Yahweh is not a Trinity.
When Moses spoke the Shema to Yahweh's people, He was speaking the words of Yahweh. He was telling them that despite the many gods of their surroundings, Yahweh alone is God. He proved that He alone was Elohim when he demoralized the Egyptians, and destroyed all their gods via plaques. Moses was familiar with polytheism, so Shema was very personal to him. It is Yahweh who is THEE only God, and there are no other gods before, or after him. Israel had to make up in their hearts that Yahweh is true.
Moses also said that Yahweh is unified. This also is very important, because as I stated above, Israel's neighbors were very polytheistic--- similar to Hinduism. Baal, Murdock, Tammuz, etc, were many famous gods of ancient Israel's neighbors, and they all had some sort of attribute. Similar to Roman & Greek gods, each god has an attribute. There is NO one God that has it all as Yahweh does.
In the ancient near eastern world, there was a god for water, air, clouds, youth, health, sex, fertility, rain, thunder, etc. These were cosmic gods of the near eastern world. Shema states that YAHWEH has ALL POWER. HE IS the creator. Yahweh makes lame, gives sight, restores health, created sex, rides on the clouds, etc. YAHWEH IS UNIFIED! All the Torah is summed up in this commandment, and we should conduct our lives accordingly